Issue 35

M.V. Bannikov et alii, Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale, 35 (2016) 50-56; DOI: 10.3221/IGF-ESIS.35.06 51 morphology of the fracture surfaces by modern methods of structural analysis. The effect of microstructure in pure titanium including submicrocrystalline (SMC) and Ti6Al4V alloy was studied in gigacycle fatigue regime and qualitative differences in the mechanisms of fatigue crack initiation in high-and gigacycle fatigue conditions established. E XPERIMENTAL CONDITIONS AND MATERIALS pecimens of pure titanium with different microstructure from original polycrystalline state with grain size of 25 μm to SMC state obtained through equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) at different conditions: SMC-1 state (annealing at T = 450 °C, 8 passes of ECAE , drawing from 14 to 9 mm at T = 200 °C, the grain size: 100-150 nm) and SMC-2 state (annealing at T = 450 °C, 4 passes of ECAE, the warm rolling from 12 to 8 mm at T = 350 °C, the grain size of 200 nm) and specimens of titanium alloy Ti6Al4V were investigated in high- and gigacycle fatigue regime using the ultrasonic testing machine. In order to establish the scale invariant parameter [3-5] of crack initiation and growth in high- and gigacycle fatigue fracture surfaces of samples were analyzed. a) b) c) Figure 1: Structure of Ti Grade-4: a) optical microscopy image of initial state (grain size ~25 µm); b) TEM-image of SMC-1 state (grain size ~150-200 µm); c) TEM-image of SMC-2 (grain size ~200 µm) According to transmission electron microscopy the microstructure of SMC-1 material is more homogeneous, grains have equiaxial shape in transverse and longitudinal sections. In the longitudinal section of rod in SMC-2 state we can observe development metallographic structure, which is characterized by elongated grains with dislocation substructure as a result of rolling after ECAE. Figure 2: Geometry of specimen. Values of sizes R1, R2, L2, L1 is depends on parameters of material and calculates in formals at [5]. Fatigue tests were carried out on the ultrasonic loading machine Shimadzu USF-2000, which imposes special load conditions due to the geometry of the samples (fig.2). During the experiment, the sample and components of the machine are in resonant oscillations which form a standing wave. In this case peaks of displacement are located on ends of the sample and maximum amplitude of stress is located in the center of sample [5]. R ESULTS OF FATIGUE EXPERIMENTS he result of fatigue tests are shown in the Fig. 3. Fatigue failure of Ti6Al4V after 10 9 cycles occurred at stress amplitude 495 MPa. Failure of samples of pure titanium after 10 9 loading cycles occurred at 275 MPa stress amplitudes for the initial state and 375 MPa and 340 MPa for the states SMC-1 and SMC-2, respectively. Fatigue S T