Issue 35

M.V. Bannikov et alii, Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale, 35 (2016) 50-56; DOI: 10.3221/IGF-ESIS.35.06 50 Focussed on Crack Paths Experimental investigation of crack initiation and propagation in high- and gigacycle fatigue in titanium alloys by study of morphology of fracture M.V. Bannikov, O. B. Naimark, V.A. Oborin Institute of Continuous Media Mechanics UB RAS, 614013, Ac. Koroleva Street, 1, Perm, Russia, , A BSTRACT . Fatigue (high- and gigacycle) crack initiation and its propagation in titanium alloys with coarse and fine grain structure are studied by fractography analysis of fracture surface. Fractured specimens were analyzed by interferometer microscope and electronic microscope to improve methods of monitoring of damage accumulation during fatigue test and verify the models for fatigue crack kinetics. Fatigue strength was estimated for high cycle fatigue (HCF) regime using the Luong method [1] by “in-situ” infrared scanning of the sample surface for the step-wise loading history for different grain size metals. Fine grain alloys demonstrated higher fatigue resistance for both HCF and gigacycle fatigue regimes. Fracture surface analysis for cylindrical samples was carried out using optical and electronic microscopy method. High resolution profilometry (interferometer- profiler New View 5010) data of fracture surface roughness allowed us to estimate scale invariance (the Hurst exponent) and to establish the existence of two characteristic areas of damage localization (different values of the Hurst exponent). Area 1 with diameter ~300 µm has the pronounced roughness and is associated with damage localization hotspot. Area 2 shows less amplitude roughness, occupies the rest fracture surface and considered as the trace of the fatigue crack path corresponding to the Paris kinetics. K EYWORDS . Fractography; Gigacycle fatigue; Titanium alloy. I NTRODUCTION CF and VHCF are important fundamental and engineering problems for several areas o applications. Catastrophic events caused by failure of gas-turbine motors, high costs of fatigue life-time estimation for constructions and potential cost of development of new constructions initiated perspective conceptions in the area of HCF and VHCF based on the fundamental research in fatigue damage and reliability prediction. The kernel aspects of such programs are development of approaches using the results of fundamental research, modern approaches in the laboratory modeling and structural analysis for the prediction of characteristic stages of fatigue damage and the criticality signs under damage-failure transition. High interest to VHCF is determined during last decade and explaining the opportunity to reach number of cycles 10 8 -10 10 for materials and constructions of gas-turbine motors due to the usage of fine-grain superalloys and advanced technologies providing VHCF limit. Recently, an increase in the strength properties of structural materials has been achieved by the formation of micro-and nano-crystalline structure. However, traditional methods of testing do not provide an estimate of fatigue life in gigacycle loading conditions (10 9 cycles to failure) leading to the emergence of new techniques based on ultrasonic testing machines like [2] and studying the H