Digital Repository, Giornata IGF Forni di Sopra (UD) 2011

Font Size: 
Measurement and modelling of near-tip displacement fields for fatigue cracks in 6082 T6 aluminium
D. Nowell, M.E. Kartal, P.F.P de Matos

Last modified: 2011-02-25


Recent work by de Matos and co-workers has used digital image correlation to examine the surface
displacements in the near-tip region of a propagating fatigue crack. The primary purpose of the experiments was
to investigate crack closure, and successful measurements were made. However, the data collected can also be
used to investigate the more general in-plane displacement field in the neighbourhood of the crack tip and to
compare this with alternative models for near-tip displacements. Experiments were undertaken using CCT
specimens manufactured from 6082 T6 aluminium alloy. Three different specimen thicknesses were examined
(3, 10, and 25mm), in order to examine the effect of this parameter on the measured displacements, closure
levels, and crack propagation rates. The current paper re-analyses the experimental measurements by evaluating
crack face displacements as a function of loading for a region close (i.e. within 500 μm) to the crack tip. These
provide an excellent means of validating proposed models of crack tip stresses, strains, and displacements. The
measurements will be compared to the predictions of classical crack tip models (such as the Westergaard
solution, together with a recent elastic-plastic model, proposed by Pommier and co-workers, which partitions
the field into elastic and plastic components. The results of these comparisons are discussed and
recommendations made for future experimental work.

Full Text: PDF