Issue 35

S. Morita et alii, Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale, 35 (2016) 82-87; DOI: 10.3221/IGF-ESIS.35.10 83 It is well known that magnesium alloys have a hexagonal close-packed (HCP) structure, and strong textures are formed by rolling. In such textured magnesium alloys, basal planes are aligned parallel to the rolling direction by rolling. Depending on their texture, rolled magnesium alloys show unique deformation behavior such as mechanical anisotropy [2-4], pseudoelasticity in cyclic loading-unloading [4-8], and asymmetricity of stress-strain hysteresis loops in strain controlled low-cycle fatigue tests [9-14] and even in load controlled high-cycle fatigue tests [3, 9], etc. The orientation dependence of fatigue crack propagation behavior of magnesium single crystals [15-17], and the effect of grain size [18-21] and texture [22-25] on fatigue properties of polycrystalline magnesium alloys have been reported in previous works. However, the effect of texture on the fatigue crack propagation behavior of magnesium alloy is still poorly understood. In the present study, the crystallographic orientation dependence of the fatigue crack propagation behavior of rolled AZ31B magnesium alloy is investigated. E XPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE ommercial rolled AZ31B magnesium alloy plate with a thickness of 60 mm was used in the present study. Chemical composition of the alloy is listed in Tab. 1. The alloy has equiaxed grains, and the average grain size was approximately 40  m. The alloy showed typical texture as shown in Fig.1 and Fig.2; basal planes were aligned parallel to the rolling direction. Three types of tensile and compressive specimens were machined with the loading axis parallel (L-specimen), perpendicular (T-specimen) and normal (S-specimen) to rolling direction. Compressive and tensile mechanical properties of the alloy is summarized in Tab. 2. Al Zn Mn Fe Si Cu Ni Mg 3.1 0.929 0.41 0.003 0.037 0.004 0.001 Bal. Table 1 : Chemical composition. (mass%) Specimen Compressive 0.2% proof stress,  0.2comp [MPa] Tensile 0.2% proof stress,  0.2tens [MPa] Tensile strength,  B [MPa] Tensile fracture strain, El [%] L-specimen 78 129 240 10 T-specimen 73 94 240 12 S-specimen 85 53 255 15 Table 2 : Mechanical properties. Figure 1 : (0001) and (10-10) pole figures. C