Issue 35

A. Pawełek et alii, Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale, 35 (2016) 21-30; DOI: 10.3221/IGF-ESIS.35.03 21 Focussed on Crack Paths Mechanisms of plastic instability and fracture of compressed and tensile tested Mg-Li alloys investigated using the acoustic emission method A. Pawełek, A. Piątkowski, W. Wajda, W. Skuza, A. Tarasek Aleksander Krupkowski Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow, Poland, , ,, W. Ozgowicz, B Grzegorczyk Institute of Engineering Materials and Biomaterials, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland , Z. Ranachowski Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland S. Kúdela, Jr., S. Kúdela Institute of Materials and Machine Mechanics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic , A BSTRACT . The results of the investigation of both mechanical and acoustic emission (AE) behaviors of Mg4Li5Al alloy subjected to compression and tensile tests at room temperature are compared with the test results obtained using the same alloy and loading scheme but at elevated temperatures. The main aim of the paper is to investigate, to determine and to explain the possible influence of factors related with enhanced internal stresses such as: segregation of precipitates along grain boundaries or solute atoms along dislocations (Cottrell atmospheres) or dislocation pile-ups at grain boundaries which create very high stress concentration leading to fracture. The results show that the plastic instabilities are related to the Portevin–Le Châtelier phenomenon (PL effect) and they are correlated with the generation of AE peaks. The fractography of breaking samples was analyzed on the basis of light (optical), TEM and SEM images. K EYWORDS . Lightweight Alloys; Acoustic Emission; Fracture; Portevin–Le Châtelier Phenomenon; Twinning; Dislocations; Shear Bands. I NTRODUCTION nsatisfying ability to plastic deformation at elevated temperatures, mostly leading to the reduction of deformability and/or hot plasticity is characteristic for many metals and alloys [1-4]. The occurrence of hot- shortness phenomenon, followed by the fracture of intercrystalline character is an important reason for U