Issue 35

G. Dhondt et alii, Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale, 35 (2016) 108-113; DOI: 10.3221/IGF-ESIS.35.13 108 Focussed on Crack Paths Prediction of three-dimensional crack propagation paths taking high cycle fatigue into account Guido Dhondt MTU Aero Engines AG, Dachauer str. 665, 80995 Munich, Germany A BSTRACT . Engine components are usually subject to complex loading patterns such as mixed-mode Low Cycle Fatigue Loading due to maneuvering. In practice, this LCF Loading has to be superimposed by High Cyclic Fatigue Loading caused by vibrations. The changes brought along by HCF are twofold: first, the vibrational cycles which are superposed on the LCF mission increase the maximum loading of the mission and may alter the principal stress planes. Secondly, the HCF cycles themselves have to be evaluated on their own, assuring that no crack propagation occurs. Indeed, the vibrational frequency is usually so high that propagation leads to immediate failure. In the present paper it is explained how these two effects can be taken care of in a standard LCF crack propagation procedure. The method is illustrated by applying the Finite Element based crack propagation software CRACKTRACER3D on an engine blade. K EYWORDS . Crack propagation; Mixed-mode; High cycle fatigue; Mission; Vibrations. I NTRODUCTION rack propagation calculations have become standard in aircraft engine applications. Frequently, crack initiation life is not sufficient and has to be augmented by crack propagation life in order to obtain the envisaged component life. This requires crack propagation calculations in the design phase of the engine. However, also later on in the life of the engine fracture mechanics calculations may be necessary to analyze damage observed in-service. By now, three- dimensional fully automatic mixed-mode crack propagation calculations are state-of-the-art [1-3]. They generally consist of a pre-processing module which automatically inserts an arbitrary crack into a given mesh, a call to a Finite Element Program to determine the stress field and a post-processing module taking care of the calculation of the stress intensity factors, cycle extraction [4] and the calculation of the new crack front based on a crack propagation law [5-7]. Notice that, since the K-factor concept is used, all calculations are linear elastic.In order to take HCF due to vibrations into account all these modules have to be modified. In essence, additional frequency calculations have to be performed for the cracked structure, the results must be scaled based on experimental evidence and the mission containing the mixed-mode K-values at different positions along the crack fronts has to be augmented by the HCF K-values. In addition, the HCF cycles have to be evaluated on their own to check that no propagation occurs. The following sections explain in detail the necessary modifications. Finally, an example based on a simplified blade shows a practical application. C