Subsurface metals fatigue cracking without and with crack tip

Andrey Shanyavskiy


Very-High-Cycle-Fatigue regime for metals was considered and mechanisms of the subsurface
crack origination were introduced. In many metals first step of crack origination takes place with specific area
formation because of material pressing and rotation that directed to transition in any volume to material ultrahigh-
plasticity with nano-structure appearing. Then by the border of the nano-structure takes place volume
rotation and fracture surface creates with spherical particles which usually named Fine-Granular-Area. In
another case there takes place First-Smooth-Facet occurring in area of origin due to whirls appearing by the one
of the slip systems under discussed the same stress-state conditions. Around Fine-Granular-Area or First-
Smooth-Facet there plastic zone appeared and, then, subsurface cracking develops by the same manner as for
through cracks. In was discussed quantum-mechanical nature of fatigue crack growth in accordance with Yang’s
modulus quantization for low level of deformations. New simply equation was considered for describing
subsurface cracking in metals out of Fine-Granular-Area or Fist-Smooth-Facet.

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