Impact loading of a space nuclear powerplant
Preferred formulation of the problem in two space dimensions are described for solving the threefundamental equations of mechanics (conservation of mass, conservation of momentum, and conservation ofenergy). Models of the behavior of materials provide the closure to the three fundamentals equations forapplications to problems in compressible fluid flow and solid mechanics. Models of fracture and damage aredescribed. A caloric model of the equation of state is proposed to describe thermodynamic properties of solidmaterials with the phase transitions. Two-dimensional problems of a high-velocity impact of a space nuclearpropulsion system reactor are solved. High-velocity impact problems of destruction of reactor are solved for thetwo cases:1) at its crash landing on the Earth surface (the impact velocity being up to 400 m/s);2) at its impact (with velocity up to 16 km/s) with the space debris fragments.