Applicazione della meccanica della frattura viscoelastica alla previsione della vita di tubi in polibutene

Luca Andena, Marta Rink, Roberto Frassine

Abstract


Isotactic polybutene-1 (i-PB1) is a polymer used for the manufacturing of pressurized pipes.
In this work two grades of i-PB1 with a different degree of isotacticity have been investigated; they have
been supplied by Basell Polyolefins.
Fracture tests have been performed at various temperatures and testing speeds. Two configurations have
been used, single edge notch bending (SENB) and double cantilever beam (DCB), the latter only to study
crack propagation. Optical methods have been used to detect crack initiation and measure propagation
speed.
From the phenomenological point of view, the formation of highly stretched material regions has been observed
during crack propagation. A continuous tearing of these regions as the crack advances has often been
interrupted by their sudden rupture, with the load decreasing accordingly. This partial instability has been
observed on both material grades, with both testing configurations.
Results of the tests have been interpreted using the fracture mechanics framework; a time-temperature superposition
scheme has been adopted to represent viscoelastic behavior over several decades. An analytical
model has been applied to predict the lifetime of pressurized pipes. A good agreement has been reported between
model predictions and experimental data obtained from tests on polybutene pipes.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3221%2FIGF-ESIS.02.03